All of the judges at the Tulalip Tribal Court have extensive experience working with Native American tribes as well as with county, state and federal courts. Each judge has a distinct background that brings both diversity and a wealth of knowledge to the tribal court. Some are distinguished professors, and others have received awards for their work with Native Americans. They have worked in areas such as treaty rights and tribal governance, gaming, Indian law, mental health law and criminal law, among others. They also bring experience in tribal juvenile justice, Indian child welfare and advocacy for victims of violence. You can read their bios below.
Tulalip Tribal Court Associate Judge Remy S. Leonard was born and raised in Everett, Washington. She received her Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from Washington State University in 1993 and her Juris Doctorate from the University of Oregon School of Law in 1997. After law school, Judge Leonard joined the Snohomish County Prosecuting Attorney’s Office and served as a criminal deputy prosecuting attorney from 1997-2003. While at the prosecutor’s office, Judge Leonard handled hundreds of criminal cases in both district and superior court, including the juvenile court SAU and felony domestic violence units. In 2004, after a short time in private civil practice, Judge Leonard began teaching criminal law and procedure classes at Everett Community College and business law in the EvCC/Tulalip Tribal Entrepreneurship Program. She also served as an adjunct professor of political science courses at Trinity Lutheran College and continues her work instructing both undergraduate law and MBA classes at Columbia College. Since 2013, Judge Leonard has served as a Judge pro tem in Snohomish County District Court, Bothell, Edmonds, Marysville, and Monroe Municipal Courts. She began serving as a Judge pro tem in Tulalip Tribal Court in October 2015, joined the court as a part-time associate judge in February 2016.
Tulalip Tribal Court Associate Judge Joshua Heath is a proud citizen of the Chickasaw Nation, the capital of which is in Ada, Oklahoma. In 2006, he graduated summa cum laude with a Bachelor of Art double major in political science and philosophy and with a minor in music performance – jazz piano emphasis from Grand Canyon University, in Phoenix, Arizona. In 2010 he received his Juris Doctorate from Regent University School of Law in Virginia Beach, Virginia, and was admitted to the Arizona State Bar. He has since been admitted to the Washington State Bar, the Federal Bar – Arizona District, the Puyallup Tribal Bar, the Nisqually Tribal Bar, and has been a member of the Maricopa County Bar Association, the Thurston County Bar Association, and the Northwest Indian Bar Association.
After becoming an attorney, Judge Heath was briefly a volunteer restitution coordinator for the Maricopa County Attorney’s Office, and he also volunteered his time providing legal assistance to indigent tenants against slumlords for Community Legal Services. He was of-counsel for a private law firm in Glendale, Arizona, where he practiced in civil litigation, 42 U.S.C. 1983 civil rights cases (fighting prisoner and elder abuse), evictions and consumer bankruptcy. In 2011 he became a prosecutor, handling thousands of cases in a busy court and taking numerous cases to trial, as well as managing all city code prosecutions for the City of Glendale, Arizona.
In 2013, he moved to western Arizona to become an associate judge for the Colorado River Indian Tribes (CRIT), in Parker, Arizona. When he first became a judge at the age of 28, he was the youngest judge in the state of Arizona. While he was a judge for CRIT, he also presided as an associate justice for the Yavapai Apache Nation Court of Appeals, in Camp Verde, Arizona, starting in 2014. Later in 2015 he was promoted to chief justice and remained in that position until he retired from it in 2018. In 2016, he moved to Washington to become an associate judge for the Puyallup Tribal Court. He was head of the criminal division at both Puyallup and CRIT, and at Puyallup he also presided over all protective order cases, and all traffic and civil hearing matters, including hunting, fishing, shellfish and diving cases. He shared the civil and family law dockets with the other judges.
In 2019 he joined the Northwest Intertribal Court as a pro tem tribal court and appellate court judge/justice, and also accepted a position with the Tulalip Tribal Court as an associate judge.
Theresa M. Pouley is the current Chief Judge of the Tulalip Tribal Court, an Associate Justice of the Colville Court of Appeals and faculty at Edmonds Community College teaching in paralegal studies. She was previously the Chief Judge of the Tulalip Tribal Court, Chief Judge of the Lummi Nation and a Judge of the Northwest Intertribal Court System, where she served as a trial judge for several other Northwest tribes. She is a member of the Colville Confederated Tribes in northeastern Washington.
President Obama appointed Judge Pouley to serve on the Indian Law and Order Commission (ILOC) in January of 2011. The Law and Order Commission published its findings in 2013 in a “Roadmap to Making Native America Safer” which contained crucial recommendations for the safety of native women and children. She was a facilitator for the Department of Justice’s 2009 the “Tribal Nation’s Listening Session”, for the Office of Violence Against Women for the Tribal Consultation in 2010, and for a focus group on Human Trafficking of American Indian and Alaska Native Women developed by the Office of Victims of Crime in 2010. She provided Testimony to the United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs on “Challenges in Law Enforcement in Indian Country” in 2000 and at the “Oversight Hearings on Tribal Courts” in 2008 and 2010.
She has lectured at local, state and national conferences on Tribal Courts and Indian Law issues, including regular presentations at the University of Washington’s Indian Law Symposium. In 2012, she worked with the Washington State Supreme Court in developing a Tribal-State Consortium and for over a decade has partnered with the Washington Supreme Court on Judicial education in the areas of Domestic Violence and Indian Law. In 2004, she was selected by the Washington Supreme Court to sit on the “Historical Court of Justice” which reviewed and exonerated Chief Leschi. Judge Pouley has received numerous awards including the Women’s Spirit Coalition “Envision Award” for her “Outstanding Tribal Leadership” in 2014. In 2015, the National Tribal Court Judges Association Awarded her a Lifetime Achievement Award. The National Tribal Child Support Association named her “Outstanding Judge” in 2005. Tulalip Tribal Court was awarded “Pilot” status by the USDOJ for VAWA implementation in 2015. Tulalip Tribal Court received the Harvard Honoring Nations Award in 2006 for its focus on its therapeutic and indigenous approaches to criminal law.
Judge Pouley was licensed as an attorney in 1987 and practiced law in Michigan and Washington until her appointment to the bench in 1999. In addition to her judicial duties, she currently teaches legal classes, including Indian Law, at Edmonds Community College and previously taught at Northwest Indian College. Judge Pouley holds a B.A. from Gonzaga University and a J.D. from Wayne State University Law School.
Tulalip Tribal Court Director Alicia Horne is a member of Tulalip Tribes. She has worked for and contributed to the court in various positions for ten years. As the director, her goal is to ensure that justice upholds the Tulalip Tribal Court's vision, "together we create a healthy and culturally vibrant community."